Iceland Geothermal Energy – Due to the location of Iceland and the high concentration of volcanic activity, Iceland is blessed with abundance of geothermal energy, which is applied for heating, production of electricity and as a strategy of relaxation and leisure.
Geothermal power is generated in over 20 countries. The United States is the world’s largest producer, and the largest geothermal improvement in the planet is The Geysers north of San Francisco in California. In Iceland, a lot of of the buildings and even swimming pools are heated with geothermal hot water. Iceland has at least 25 active volcanoes and a lot of hot springs and geysers.
Only a fraction of the thermal energy of the earth can be utilized in locations where geological conditions permit a carrier (water in the liquid or vapour phases) to ‘transfer’ the heat from deep hot zones to or near the surface. In general, sources that have a temperature above 150˚C are employed for electric power generation and resources below 150˚C in direct heating and cooling uses. Ambient temperatures in the five-30˚C variety can be utilised with heat pumps, which provide both heating and cooling.
Electricity portfolio standards normally require that electric utilities get specified minimum percentages of their electrical energy from specific power sources. Thirty-a single states and the District of Columbia have renewable portfolio requirements or alternative power portfolio requirements. 43 Congress has also deemed federal renewable electricity requirements and clean power standards. Electrical energy portfolio standards encourage investment in new geothermal power and can assure a market place for its generation.
On southwards to Wairakei and its geothermal power station which feeds on the underground forces of nature, emerging in an intricate pattern of fat pipes on the surface. This route also passes by the entrance to the hidden geothermal valley of Orakei Korako, in my opinion the finest website on the planet! You want geysers, bubbling mud, caves, sulphur and silica? You can discover out about it in one more hub of this series.