As our reliance on fossil fuels have began to raise, geothermal power is observed as the new source of power generation by digging out the heat stored inside the earth. Although not utilized totally due to factors such as place and higher fees but in the years to come when fossil fuels would commence to diminish, it will turn out to be the least expensive source of energy generation. Geothermal energy suffers from its own advantages and disadvantages as described below.
Within a geothermal reservoir, the geothermal fluid can be a mix of liquid-steam at temperatures greater than 200°C and single-flash technologies is utilized to produce electrical energy (Gehringer and Loksha, 2012). In this type of method, the stress of some the mix is lowered in a separator in which some is evaporated and then sent to the turbine the liquid portion is re-injected into the reservoir through an injection well. The main elements of this sort of power-plant are illustrated in Figure 4.
In a coal or oil fired energy station, the fuel is burned (converting its chemical power into heat) and the heat utilised to convert water into steam at quite high temperature and stress. This then drives a steam turbine, a device which harnesses the energy in the steam (heat and pressure) to create rotational movement (mechanical power). The rotating shaft of the steam turbine is coupled to the armature of the alternator, so the final outcome is electricity.
Centers of prosperity – Geothermal heat cascade exploitation economy about each geothermal energy generation complicated, creation of new jobs and local autonomous economies. The cascade consists of hydrogen production, electrical energy production, lumber drying, direct constructing heating and cooling, biotechnology reactors, greenhouses, aquaculture, fisheries, wellness, geothermal heat pumps, and so forth. For improvement of such prosperity centers, the franchising concept could be applied.
Hueso did not rule out introducing one more geothermal bill in the Legislature. He noted that on the last day of this year’s session, he found out that legislative leaders had struck a deal with the significant utilities, in which the utilities agreed to support a bill requiring 250 megawatts of geothermal procurement, in exchange for some concessions.