Dyslexia-What Are Its Types?
A lot of people are confused with the meaning of dyslexia.
What is the meaning of dyslexia?
The first meaning is the literal meaning since it is based on the etymology of the word itself, “Dys” means problematic or wrong then “lexia” means pertaining to letters or words. The literal meaning of dyslexia is problems with words. People that are having difficulty in reading has dyslexia.
The second meaning is more wider when it comes to its use and its application. This is mostly used by dyslexic adults and by parents of dyslexics. In the application part, dyslexia refers to a lot of symptom such as problems with spelling, writing and reading, poor memory, does not have physical coordination and has difficulty in hearing.
This means that the word dyslexia really depends on how it is being used.
In the year 1973, Newcombe and Marshall attempted to subdivide dyslexia and describe each kind. They started with the ideas of surface dyslexia, double deficit dyslexia and phonological dyslexia.
Here are the different kinds of dyslexia:
A. Surface dyslexia
The symptom of surface dyslexia is when the person is having mistakes and is inconsistent with the English pronunciation. Here is an example, the word bowl is pronounced as howl and the word pretty is pronounced as jetty.
B. Phonological dyslexia
Phonological dyslexia actually refers to the failure of adapting the phonics of the English language. Those individuals that have phonological dyslexia are those that have difficulty in reading new words.
C. Double deficit dyslexia
There are people that have both kinds of dyslexia such as phonological dyslexia and surface dyslexia and the term that they use for this condition is double deficit dyslexia.
D. Visual dyslexia and auditory dyslexia
The visual dyslexia and auditory dyslexia are from the magnocellular theory. In this theory, people with dyslexia are neurologically weak in their magnocellular cells that can be found in the thalamus part of brain. This area of the brain is actually the part that processes all of the auditory information and visual information.
There are studies that proves that people with dyslexia have difficulties in processing auditory information and visual information.
This means that those children that have poor visual skills but have average hearing skills can be diagnosed as visual dyslexia, and those children that have poor hearing skills but average visual skills …